The city of Ephesus Izmir is in the western part of Turkey. It has a long history that goes back to the 10th century BC. It used to be a busy port and cultural hub, and its old ruins are now a popular place for tourists to visit. In this guide, we'll talk about Ephesus's history, its most famous buildings, and the top 10 things to do and see there. We'll also talk about how to get to Ephesus Izmir, which will make it easy for you to plan a trip to this amazing old city.

The History of Ephesus

In the 10th century BC, the Greeks built Ephesus. Later, it was taken over by the Persians, the Romans, and the Byzantines. It was an important place for trade and business. It had a big port where things like marble, wine, and wool were sent abroad. The city was also an important place for learning. It had one of the largest libraries in the ancient world. Many famous philosophers and scholars lived in Ephesus, such as Heraclitus, who was a famous philosopher.

The Architecture of Ephesus

Some of the best-kept ancient ruins in the world can be found in Ephesus. The city was known for its beautiful architecture, with many temples, theaters, and public buildings that have been kept in good shape. The Temple of Artemis, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is the most famous building in Ephesus. The goddess Artemis was honored by the temple, which was built in the sixth century BC. It burned down in 356 BC, but its ruins are still a popular place for tourists to visit. The Great Theater, which could hold up to 25,000 people, and the Library of Celsus, which was one of the largest libraries in the ancient world, are two other important buildings in Ephesus.

Photo by Taha Berk Tekin / Unsplash

How to get to Ephesus Izmir

Ephesus Izmir is about 80 km from the city of Izmir. It is in the western part of Turkey. Flying into Izmir Airport and then taking a taxi or bus to the city is the easiest way to get to Ephesus. There are also a number of tour companies that offer guided trips to Ephesus from Istanbul and other big cities in Turkey. You can take a bus or rent a car to get to Ephesus if you want to go there on your own.

The 10 best things to see and do in Ephesus are:

  1. Go to the Temple of Artemis: The Temple of Artemis is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and a must-see in Ephesus. Its ruins are still in good shape and show how the city has changed over time.
  2. Check out the Great Theater: Another famous building in Ephesus is the Great Theater. It was used for shows and public events, and up to 25,000 people could watch.
  3. Visit the Library of Celsus. The Library of Celsus was one of the biggest libraries in the ancient world, and it is a must-see in Ephesus. The library was built in the second century AD. It is known for its beautiful interior and ornate outside.
  4. Visit the Ephesus Archaeological Museum. The museum has a collection of ancient artifacts and displays that give you a glimpse into the history of the city. It's a great place to learn about the history of Ephesus.
  5. Go to the House of the Virgin Mary. The House of the Virgin Mary is a small stone house where Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years. It is a beautiful place that many Catholics go to on pilgrimages.
  6. Take a walk through the Ephesus Agora. The Ephesus Agora was the city's main marketplace and the center of business. It's a great place to see what old shops and vendors looked like.
  7. Go to the Odeon. The Odeon was a small theater where concerts and lectures took place. It's a beautiful building that sounds great and is a great place to go.
  8. Go to the Temple of Dionysus. The Temple of Dionysus is a temple to the god Dionysus that has been well taken care of. It's a great place to learn about the history of the city and see examples of ancient Greek architecture.
  9. Take a walk down Curetes Street. This was Ephesus' main street, and many of the buildings and shops are still in good shape. It's a great place to take a stroll and think about how people lived in the past.
  10. Visit the Fountain of Trajan. The Fountain of Trajan is a beautiful fountain that was used for ceremonies and public gatherings. It's a great place to stop and enjoy the city's beauty.


Ephesus Izmir is a city with a lot of history and beautiful buildings. Its old ruins are a must-see for anyone who is interested in ancient history. Ephesus has something for everyone, whether you're interested in old temples, theaters, or public buildings. Since there is so much to see and do in Ephesus, it's easy to see why it's a popular place for tourists.