Understanding how to obtain a Power of Attorney (POA) is essential for non-Turkish citizens who need to manage legal or financial matters in Turkey. A POA allows you to appoint someone to act on your behalf, making it easier to handle transactions without being physically present. This is especially useful for non-Turkish citizens who live far from Turkey but need to make decisions regarding property, legal matters, or business interests within the country.

Obtaining a POA involves several steps, including drafting the document, notarising it, authenticating it, and obtaining an apostille. Each stage must be completed correctly to ensure the POA is valid and accepted in Turkey. Missteps can lead to delays and complications, which is why it's crucial to follow the process precisely.

Also, translating the POA into Turkish and ensuring it meets all legal requirements are key to its acceptance in Turkey. By following the correct procedures, non-Turkish citizens can smoothly navigate the complexities of setting up a POA, allowing them peace of mind and ensuring their affairs in Turkey are managed efficiently.

What Is Power of Attorney (POA) and Its Importance for Non-Turkish Citizens

Power of Attorney (POA) is a legal document that gives another person the authority to act on your behalf in various matters. For non-Turkish citizens, a POA is crucial if you need to handle legal, financial, or property issues in Turkey without being physically present. This arrangement helps you manage your affairs efficiently, especially if regular travel to Turkey is impractical.

A POA can cover a wide range of activities, from buying or selling property to managing bank accounts and signing contracts. It allows you to appoint a trusted individual, such as a lawyer or a family member, to act in your best interest. This is particularly useful in urgent situations where decisions need to be made promptly. Giving someone this authority ensures that your matters are handled smoothly and legally, even from a distance.

Having a POA also helps to avoid delays and complications that might arise from being unable to attend to important matters personally. This document serves as a safeguard, ensuring your interests are protected and your tasks are completed efficiently while abroad.

Steps to Obtain a POA in the USA

Drafting the POA

The first step in obtaining a POA is to draft the document according to U.S. regulations. Make sure it is clear and comprehensive, outlining the specific powers you are granting to your agent. Include a passport-size photo on the top left-hand side of the page and attach a copy of the first page of your valid passport. This document must be precise to avoid any legal misunderstandings later.

Notarization Process

Once the POA is drafted, the next step is to have it notarized. This involves signing the document in front of a notary public in your county. The notary will verify your identity and witness your signature, ensuring the document's authenticity. The notary will also notarize your photo and a copy of your passport, which are attached to the POA.

Authentication by County Clerk

After notarisation, the document needs authentication by the County Clerk. This means the County Clerk will verify the notary's credentials, adding another layer of validation. Take your notarized POA to the County Clerk’s office, where they will provide an authentication certificate.

Apostille Process

The final step is obtaining an apostille from the State Department of your state. An apostille is a certification that verifies the document’s authenticity for international use, making it valid in Turkey. Submit your authenticated POA to the State’s Department, which will then attach an apostille to it. This ensures that your document is legally recognized in Turkey under the Hague Convention.

Following these steps meticulously is essential to ensure your POA is valid and accepted in Turkey. By completing each stage correctly, you can avoid any delays or issues that might arise due to non-compliance or incorrect documentation.

Translation and Legalisation of POA for Use in Turkey

Once you have obtained and apostilled your Power of Attorney (POA) in the USA, the next step is to ensure it is valid and recognized in Turkey. This involves translating and legalizing the document correctly.

Translation Requirements

The POA must be translated into Turkish to be accepted in Turkey. You have two options: translate the document in the USA or Turkey. If you opt for translation in the USA, ensure the translation is done by a Turkish-certified translator and then notarized. After notarisation, it needs an apostille to confirm its authenticity. Alternatively, you can have the document translated in Turkey by a sworn translator. This translation must be notarized by a Turkish notary, validating it along with the original apostilled POA.

It's best to complete in Turkey. If you prefer the USA, contact the local embassy for a certified Turkish translator.

Apostille for Power of Attorney

The apostille is a certificate that authenticates the POA for international use, according to the Hague Convention. Once you have your POA and its translation apostilled, the document is legally recognized in Turkey. This step is non-negotiable and ensures there are no legal complications when your agent uses the POA in Turkey.

Sending POA to Turkey

After completing the translation and apostille process, the final task is sending the POA to Turkey. Use a reliable, trackable delivery method such as UPS or FedEx to ensure the document arrives safely and on time. Make sure to send both the original POA and its translation. Delays or lost documents can cause significant issues, so taking care with this step is vital.

Use UPS for Turkey. Address to the attorney, include their mobile number, and put their TC kimlik (tax ID) in the waybill's tax box.

Tips for Smooth Processing and Common Pitfalls to Avoid

Navigating the process of obtaining and legalizing a POA for use in Turkey can be complex. Here are some tips to ensure everything goes smoothly and to avoid common pitfalls.

Important Notes on POA Validity

A POA will remain valid indefinitely unless otherwise specified. Make sure any time limitations are clearly stated in the document if needed. This ensures your agent has the authority to act on your behalf without any time restrictions.

Recommendations for Mailing POA

When mailing the POA to Turkey, choose a reliable courier service with tracking options. This allows you to monitor the document's journey and confirm its arrival. Include clear instructions for the recipient to ensure the document is handled correctly upon arrival.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Avoid errors such as incorrect notarization, missing authentication, or failing to obtain an apostille. Each step is crucial, and missing one can render the POA invalid. Double-check each stage, and if in doubt, seek advice from a legal professional. Careful attention to detail will save time and prevent complications.


Understanding and obtaining a Power of Attorney (POA) for use in Turkey can be vital for managing your affairs from abroad. The process may seem complex, but by following the correct steps—drafting, notarising, authenticating, and apostilling—you can ensure your POA is valid and accepted in Turkey. Paying attention to translation and mailing can further smooth out the process, helping you avoid delays and legal issues.

As a trusted Turkey residency advisor, we are dedicated to providing accurate and helpful information to make your expat life easier. Whether you need assistance with residency, property purchase, or legal documents, we are here to guide you through every step. Secure your peace of mind by relying on our expertise. Contact Ikamet today to learn more about how we can support your needs.